Download article

New representations on oil and gas origin in connection with the opening of the phenomenon of reserves replenishment in exploited oil fields

A.A. Barenbaum

Discussion article



open access

Under a Creative Commons license

New ideas about the origin of oil and gas are discussed. They are caused by the discovery of the phenomenon of replenishment of oil and gas reserves in exploited fields. This phenomenon was discovered by the Russian geologists a quarter of a century ago, and a little later it was theoretically justified on the basis of the biosphere concept of oil and gas formation. As a result, the well-known «organic hypothesis» and «mineral hypothesis», which have long time competed in oil and gas geology are being replaced by new representations today, according to which oil and gas are the inexhaustible useful fossils of our planet. And their deposits are traps of movable carbon that circulates via the Earth’s surface in three main cycles with periods of ~108-109, ~106 -107 and ≈ 40 years. The 40-year carbon biosphere cycle, which was not previously taken into account at all, plays a main role in replenishment of deposits. Its accounting makes it possible to balance the carbon and water cycles in the biosphere, taking into account the economic activities of people and modern formation of oil and gas in the bowels, and also open up the possibility of exploiting deposits as constantly replenished sources of hydrocarbons.


oil and gas origin, carbon circulation via Earth’s surface, replenishment of reserves exploited deposits


  • Ashirov K.B., Borgest T.M., Karev A.L. (2000). The reasons of repeated many times gas and oil restocking at the fields being exploited in the Samara region. Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN, 2(1), pp. 166-173. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (1998). On the income of cosmic carbon and its circulation on Earth. Ekosistemnye perestroiki i evolyutsiya biosfery, 3, pp. 15-29. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2004). The Mechanism of Oil-Gas Traps Formation. Doklady AN, 399(6), pp. 802-805. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2007). On possible relationship between gas-hydrates and submarine groundwater. Vodnye resursy, 34(5), pp. 620-625. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2007a). Study of oil formation conditions using the theoretical model of Anderson-Schulz-Flory. Vestnik Otdelenia nauk o Zemle RAN, 1(25). (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2010). Galactocentric paradigm in geology and astronomy. Moscow: LIBROKOM Publ., 544 p. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2012). On the exhaustion of hydrocarbon potential. Energetika Tatarstana, 6, pp. 9-12. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2014). The Scientific Revolution in the Oil and Gas Origin Issue. New Oil and Gas Paradigm. Georesursy = Georesources, 4(59), pp. 9-16. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2015). Modern oil and gas generation as a result of carbon cycle in the biosphere. Georesursy = Georesources, 1(60), pp. 46-53. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2015a). On the Problem of the Water Downward Filtration in the Oil-and Gas Bearing Sedimentary Basins. Georesursy. Geoenergetika. Geopolitika, 2(12). (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2017). Oil Origin and Age. Georesursy = Georesources, 19(1), pp. 30-37. DOI:
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2017a).Balance assessment of the rate of formation of aquamarine methane hydrates. Proc. XXII Int. School of Marine Geology: Geology of the seas and oceans, vol. II, Moscow: IO RAS, pp. 135-139. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2018). On the relationship of oil and gas formation and degassing processes with groundwater decomposition. Georesursy = Georesources, 20(4), part 1, pp. 290-300. DOI:
  • Barenbaum A.A. (2019). Geosynthesis of hydrocarbons as a planetary geochemical phenomenon. Collected papers: New ideas in the geology of oil and gas, pp. 37-42. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A., Ablya E.A. (2009). The molecular mass distribution of normal alkanes of oil as evidence of their polycondensation synthesis. Proc. III All Rus. Meet.: Organic Mineralogy, Syktyvkar, pp. 74-77. (In Russ.)
  • Barenbaum A.A., Klimov D.S. (2015). Experimental measurement of the rate of destruction of carbonized water during geosynthesis. Proc. WECEMIP-2015, Moscow: GEOKhI RAN, pp. 347-351. (In Russ.)
  • Chersky N.V., Mel’nikov V.P., Tsarev V.P. (1986). The phenomenon of hydrocarbon generation from extremely oxidized compounds of carbon and water. Doklady AN, 288(1), pp. 201-204. (In Russ.)
  • Chersky N.V., Tsarev V.P. (1984). Mechanisms of hydrocarbon synthesis from inorganic compounds in the upper layers of the crust. Doklady AN, 279(3), pp. 730-735. (In Russ.)
  • Chersky N.V., Tsarev V.P., Soroko T.I., Kuznetsov O.L. (1985). Influence of tectonic and seismic processes on the formation and accumulation of hydrocarbons. Novosibirsk: «Nauka» Publ., 224 p. (In Russ.)
  • Dyakonov A.I. (1998). About the new concept of the formation of hydrocarbon deposits and the leading role of dynamotectonic processes in the duration of the formation of ancient and young platforms (on the example of the Timan-Pechora and Azov-Kuban GBS). Collected papers: New ideas in the geology of oil and gas, pp. 67-68. (In Russ.)
  • Gavrilov V.P., Skaryatin V.D. (2004). Geofluidodynamics of hydrocarbons and replenishment of their reserves. Proc. II Int. Conf.: Geodynamics of oil and gas basins, Moscow, pp. 31-34. (In Russ.)
  • Glebov L.S. (2002). Molecular mass distribution of n-paraffins of Tengiz oil. Neftekhimiya = Petrochemistry, 42(2), pp. 92-94. (In Russ.)
  • Korchagin V.I. (2001). The oil content of the basement. Oil and gas forecast of the basement of young and ancient platforms. Proc. Int. Conf., Kazan: KGU, pp. 39-42. (In Russ.)
  • Korneva I.V. (1999). Migration processes in the hydrocarbon system of young fields. Proc. III Int. Conf.: New ideas in the geology and geochemistry of oil and gas. Oil and gas basins as self-developing nonlinear systems, Moscow: MSU, pp. 130-132. (In Russ.)
  • Kun T. (1977). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Moscow: «Progress» Publ., 300 p. (In Russ.)
  • Molchanov V.I. (1981). Hydrogen generation in lithogenesis. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 142 p. (In Russ.)
  • Molchanov V.I., Gontsov A.A. (1992). Modeling of oil and gas formation. Novosibirsk: OIGGM Publ., 246 p. (In Russ.)
  • Muslimov R.Kh., Izotov V.G., Sitdikova K.M. (1991). The role of the crystalline basement of oil and gas basins in the generation and regeneration of hydrocarbon reserves. Proc.: Oil and gas geology at the turn of the century. Forecasting, prospecting, exploration and development of deposits. Fundamentals of Petroleum Geology, St. Petersburg: VNIGRI, vol. 1, pp. 268. (In Russ.)
  • Rudenko A.P. (1969). The theory of self-development of open catalytic systems. Moscow: MGU, 272 p. (In Russ.)
  • Semenov N.N. (1959). The main problems of chemical kinetics. Moscow: Academy of Science USSR. (In Russ.)
  • Smirnova M.N. (1999). Possibility of modern formation of oil and gas deposits. Proc. IV Int. conf.: New Ideas in Earth Sciences, Moscow: MGGA, vol. I, p. 272. (In Russ.)
  • Sokolov B.A., Guseva A.N. (1993). On the possibility of fast modern oil and gas generation. Moscow University Geology Bulletin, 3, pp. 48-56. (In Russ.)
  • Solov’ev V.A. (2003). Natural gas hydrates as a potential mineral. Rossiiskii khimicheskii zhurnal, 47(3), pp. 59-69. (In Russ.)
  • Trofimuk, A.A., Chersky N.V., Carev V.P., Soroko T.I. (1982). The phenomenon of transformation of organic matter in sedimentary rocks under the influence of tectonic and seismic processes of the Earth’s crust. Invention Certificate, No. 326. (In Russ.)
  • Zakirov S.N., Zakirov E.S., Barenbaum A.A. et al. (2013). Geosynthesis and the origin of oil and gas. Proc. VIII Int. Symp.: Advanced technologies of development, enhanced oil recovery and wells exploration, Moscow, pp. 43-46. (In Russ.)
  • Zapivalov N.P. (2000). Fluidodynamic foundations for the rehabilitation of oil and gas fields, assessment and the possibility of increasing active residual reserves. Georesursy = Georesources, 3, pp. 11-13. (In Russ.)

Azariy A. Barenbaum
Institute of Oil and Gas Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences
3, Gubkina st., Moscow, 119333, Russian Federation


For citation:

Barenbaum А.А. (2019). New representations on oil and gas origin in connection with the opening of the phenomenon of replenishment reserves in exploited oil fields. Georesursy = Georesources, 21(4), pp. 34-39. DOI: