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Modeling the hydrothermal impact on the Jurassic deposits of the West Siberian sedimentary basin (series with H2O and H2O2)

M.Yu. Zubkov

Original article

DOI https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2020.4.30-40

30-40
rus.
eng.

open access

Under a Creative Commons license
The results of hydrothermal modeling of the formation of epigenetic mineral associations and secondary reservoirs in various types of sedimentary rocks of the Jurassic age in Western Siberia in the H2O-H2O2 system are considered. The experiments were carried out at a temperature of 390°C, a pressure of 70 MPa and H2O2 concentrations varying from 0 to 37.5%. The duration of the experiments was 10 days. In all experiments, a pyrite mixture was added as a buffer. It was found that in experiments in which there was no H2O2, that is, the hydrothermal fluid consisted only of water, there was an intense formation of bitumen and volatile components from the organic matter present in the initial samples. The process of generation of bitumen and volatile components was accompanied by fluid fracturing of rocks and the formation of secondary porosity. Under these conditions, carbonates (calcite, siderite), plagioclases, and kaolinite turned out to be unstable. On the contrary, the formation of hydrothermal ferruginous chlorite was noted. Dissolution of unstable mineral phases by hydrothermal fluid led to the formation of additional secondary porosity. As the concentration of H2O2 and, accordingly, oxygen in the composition of the hydrothermal fluid increased, more and more complete oxidation of the organic matter present in the composition of the sediments was noted until its complete disappearance. With an increase in the oxygen concentration in the composition of the hydrothermal fluid, the appearance of first magnetite and then hematite, native sulfur, and anhydrite was observed. Under hydrothermal conditions with a maximum oxygen concentration, the formation of kaolinite and various sulfates in addition to anhydrite, represented by millosevichite, alum, as well as phases with the participation of elements that make up autoclaves, nickel and chromium sulfates, was noted. Intensive silicification of the sample surface is noted, as well as the constant presence of amorphous silica, which, along with various sulfates, is a quenching phase. These mineral phases are separated from the supersaturated hydrothermal fluid due to its rapid cooling and do not have time to form well-faceted crystals, but are present in the form of loose microporous aggregates. Along with kaolinite, the formation of hydrothermal film illite is noted.

The results obtained indicate that the presence of bitumen in the Jurassic sediments is an important exploratory feature, indicating that in this place they were subjected to hydrothermal action, which means, firstly, secondary reservoirs with high filtration and capacity properties were formed, and second, there was an intensive generation of hydrocarbons and, as a consequence, the formation of hydrocarbon deposits.
 

Jurassic deposits, hydrothermal fluids, H2O-H2O2 system, bitumen, fluid fracture, secondary collectors

 

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Mikhail Yu. Zubkov
West Siberian Geological Center LLC
build. 4/9, 11, Surgutskaya st., Tyumen, 625002, Russian Federation

 

For citation:

Zubkov M.Yu. (2020). Modeling the hydrothermal impact on the Jurassic deposits of the West Siberian sedimentary basin (series with H2O and H2O2). Georesursy = Georesources, 22(4), pp. 30–40. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2020.4.30-40