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Geochemistry of Neoprotherosoic organic matter in the southeast of the Siberian platform

I.D. Timoshina, L.N. Boldushevskaya

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DOI https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2020.4.41-54

41-54
rus.
eng.

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 In the Neoproterozoic of the Aldan-Maya depression, rocks of the Malga, Tsipanda and Kumakh Formations (MF, TF and KF) are rich in organic matter (OM) and can be classified as source rocks. High generation potential is characteristic of the MF and TF (267–511 mg HC/g TOC). The thermal maturity level of OM corresponds to mesocatagenesis substage (Tmax is 438–443 ºC). Based on the biomarker distribution, the biological precursors of the OM in these formations are: prokaryotes, including cyanobacteria (hopanes, acyclic biomarkers) and to a lesser extent eukaryotes (the presence of steranes) that lived in the Precambrian (the presence of 12- and 13-monomethylalkanes) marine basin (absence of continental biomarkers, the distributions of acyclic alkanes and steranes) with clayey sedimentation (high content of diasteranes). Due to the absence of steranes in some samples (paucity of eukaryotes in the source OM), the MF is likely to have been partly deposited before the emergence of eukaryotes. Most samples have elevated concentrations of low-molecular tricyclanes (2C19-20/C23-26>1), which can be attributed to the specificity of the source biota, although it is not typical of the marine OM. A rare homologous series of 2,7-dimethylalkanes that has been recently found by other researchers in some Precambrian strata is present in several samples of the MF and KF and totally absent from all samples of the TF. This may indicate the differences in its biota, depositional environments or its evolution during diagenesis and catagenesis. A distinctive feature of the TF is the high content of ethylcholestanes (C29/C27=2.5). 
 

Siberian Platform, Precambrian, oil source formations, organic geochemistry, biomarker hydrocarbons

 

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Irina D. Timoshina
Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
3, Acad. Koptyug ave., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation

Lyudmila N. Boldushevskaya
RN-KrasnoyarskNIPIneft LLC
65D, 9 May st., Krasnoyarsk, 660098, Russian Federation

 

For citation:

Timoshina I.D., Boldushevskaya L.N. (2020). Geochemistry of Neoprotherosoic organic matter in the southeast of the Siberian platform. Georesursy = Georesources, 22(4), pp. 41–54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2020.4.41-54