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Prediction of hydrogeochemical effects in clayey cap rocks during underground storage of hydrogen with methane

L.A. Abukova, O.P. Abramova

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Theoretical issues of joint underground storage of hydrogen with methane are poorly studied, and practical examples are rare. Therefore, it is extremely important to analyze the mutual influence of hydrogen-methane mixtures and the host geological environment. This article presents material that makes it possible to substantiate the most significant hydrochemical processes that affect the transformation of cap rocks. For this purpose, the results of our own experiments, as well as published data on the study of the influence of hydrochemical conditions on the diffusion loss of hydrogen, its interaction with rock-forming minerals, organic matter, and pore waters were used. A quantitative assessment of the decrease in the moisture saturation of clay-rocks samples and, as a consequence, the loss of the mass content of mineral and organic substances is given. It was found that the cyclic change of thermobaric effects leads to a change in the redox conditions in the system “rock ↔ pore water” and is accompanied by an increase in the reactivity of calcium, magnesium, sulfur, iron. The saturation indices of pore water with carbonate and sulfate calcium salts were calculated under the conditions of their precipitation, dissolution, and removal from solution. The interpretation of the experimental data made it possible to substantiate the most probable transformations in clayey cap rocks, which affect their screening capabilities. It is recommended to take into account, when designing and operating storage facilities for hydrogen-methane mixtures, the variety of accompanying hydrochemical and microbiological processes that affect the change in the filtration properties of cap rocks.

Clayey caprock, pore waters, hydrogen-methane mixtures, loss of hydrogen, underground storage, redox conditions, cyclic load, sulfate reduction


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Leyla A. Abukova
Institute of Oil and Gas Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences
3, Gubkin st., Moscow, 119333, Russian Federation

Olga P. Abramova
Institute of Oil and Gas Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences
3, Gubkin st., Moscow, 119333, Russian Federation


For citation:

Abukova L.A., Abramova O.P. (2021). Prediction of hydrogeochemical effects in clayey cap rock during underground storage of hydrogen with methane. Georesursy = Georesources, 23(1), pp. 118–126. DOI: