Pages
Download article

Pyrolytic data verification in potential assessment and catagenetic transformation of the Proterozoic low-carbon formations of Eastern Siberia

E.D. Sivkova, A.V. Stoupakova, A.G. Kalmykov, R.S. Sautkin, M.A. Bolshakova

Original article

DOI https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2021.2.5

56-66
rus.

open access

Under a Creative Commons license
The ancient Precambrian formations of Eastern Siberia include oil and gas source rock (SR) interlayers, but in most cases, they can’t be classified as high-carbon ones, because the actual organic carbon content in these strata is low and rarely exceeds 10%. This point effect the approach to the available geochemical data interpretation and the method of quality samples selection. The aim of the work was to determine methods for pyrolytic data verification and the oil and gas Lower Vendian SR quality assess, that based on the results of geochemical researches. It was identified, that before SR catagenetic transformation analyzation by the Tmax parameter and determining the OM type, samples with a low generation potential or with the migrated bitumen presence should be excluded from the consideration. The presence of secondary epigenetic bitumen also indicates the active HC fluids migration within the basin. After data verification, the SR properties were assessed. So lower Vendian SRs have OM with a satisfactory and high generation potential, second type and low maturity in most cases. The oil and gas window zones are located within large depressions and troughs. In addition, the local heating was noted in zones with a large number of faults, where the heating was conducted due to the intrusions introduction and the hydrothermal fluids action.
 

pyrolytic data verification, pyrolysis, Lena-Tunguska basin, generation potential, catagenetic transformation, Lower Vendian, Precambrian strata

 

  • Basalaeva A.Sh. (2015). Geochemical studies of Mesozoic sediments in the eastern part of the Yenisei-Khatanga regional trough. Proc. 69th International Youth Conference. Moscow: Gubkin Russian State University,  pp. 28–34. (In Russ.)
  • Bazhenova O.K., Burlin Yu.K., Sokolov B.A., Khain V.E. (2000). Geology and geochemistry of oil and gas. Moscow: Moscow University Publ., 381 p. (In Russ.)
  • Bazhenova T.K., Dakhnova M.V., Mozhegova S.V. (2011). The Upper Proterozoic of the Siberian Platform is the main source of oil and gas content in its pre-Mesozoic megabasin. Neftegazovaya Geologiya. Theoria i praktika = Petroleum Geology - Theoretical and Applied Studies, 6(2). (In Russ.) http://www.ngtp.ru/rub/1/17_2011.pdf
  • Bazhenova T.K., Dakhnova M.V., Zheglova T.P. (2014). Oil source formations, oils and gases of the Precambrian and Lower-Middle Cambrian of the Siberian platform. Ed. A.I. Varlamov, A.P. Afanasenkov. Moscow: VNIGNI, 128 p. (In Russ.)
  • Bogorodskaya L.I., Kontorovich A.E., Larichev A.I. (2005). Kerogen. Methods of study, geochemical interpretation. Novosibirsk: SB RAS, 254 p. (In Russ.)
  • Espitalie J., Deroo G., Marquis F. (1985). La pyrolyse Rock-Eval et ses applications (Premiere partie). Rev. Inst. frans. petrole, 40(5), pp. 563–579. https://doi.org/10.2516/ogst:1985035
  • Filiptsov Yu.A. (2015). Oil and gas content of the upper Proterozoic of the western part of the Siberian platform. Geol. and Min. Dr. Sci. Diss. Krasnoyarsk: INGG SB RAS, pp. 171–172. (In Russ.)
  • Kontorovich A.E. (1964). Geochemistry of Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous sediments of the West Siberian Lowland in connection with their oil and gas content. Abstract Cand. geol. and min. sci. diss. Novosibirsk: SNIIGGiMS, 20 p. (In Russ.)
  • Kontorovich A.E., Trofimuk A.A., Basharin A.K. et al. (1996). Global regularities of the Precambrian Earth. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 37(8), pp. 6–42. (In Russ.)
  • Kozlova E.V., Fadeeva N.P., Kalmykov G.A., Balushkina N.S., Pronina N.V., Poludetkina E.N. et al. (2015). Geochemical technique of organic matter research in deposits enrich in kerogene (the Bazhenov Formation, West Siberia). Moscow Univ. Geol. Bull., 70, pp. 409–418. https://doi.org/10.3103/S0145875215050075
  • Larichev A.I., Chekanov V.I. (1987). Oil and gas generation potential of the Vendian-Cambrian reservoirs of the Nepa-Botuobinskaya anteclise and adjacent territories. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 10, pp. 26–33. (In Russ.)
  • Lopatin N.P., Emets T.P. (1987). Pyrolysis in petroleum geology. Moscow: Nauka, 144 p. (In Russ.)
  • Neruchev S.G., Vassoevich N.B., Lopatin N.V. (1976). On the scale of catagenesis in connection with oil and gas formation. Proc. XXV session of the Int. Geological Congress. Moscow, pp. 47–62. (In Russ.)
  • Samsonov V.V., Larichev A.I., Chekanov V.I., Soloviev V.V. (2010). Geological structure of the oil-and-gas plays and oil-and-gas potential of the southern Siberian Platform. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 51(11), pp. 1204–1218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rgg.2010.10.006
  • Simanovich I.M., Yapaskurt O.V. (2003). Stages and zones of postsedimentary lithogenesis of sedimentary formations. Genetic Formation Analysis of Phanerozoic and Precambrian Sedimentary Complexes. Proc. 3rd All-Russian lithological meeting. Moscow: MSU, pp. 27–29. (In Russ.)
  • Sivkova E.D. Korobova N.I., Sautkin R.S., Stupakova A.V. (2018) Investigation of Vanavara formation thickness and property variation in Baikit anteclise and Katangskaya saddle conjunction zone. Uchenye zapiski Krymskogo federal’nogo universiteta imeni V. I. Vernadskogo. Geografiya. Geologiya, 4(1), pp. 175–180. (In Russ.)
  • Soboleva E.V., Guseva A.N. (2010). Chemistry of fossil fuels. Moscow: Moscow University Publ., pp. 249–251 p. (In Russ.)
  • Staroseltsev V.S. (2015). Structural and tectonic map of oil and gas provinces of the Siberian platform. Novosibirsk: SINIIGGiMS. (In Russ.)
  • Timoshina, I.D. (2005). Geochemistry of organic matter of oil-producing rocks and oils of the Upper Precambrian of southern Eastern Siberia. Novosibirsk: SB RAS, GEO, 166 p. (In Russ.)
  • Tissot B., Welte D. (1984). Petroleum Formation and Occurrence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 702 p. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-87813-8
  • Uspenskii V.A. , Radchenko O.A. (1947). On the question of the genesis of types of oils. Trudy TsNIGRI, 19. Leningrad-Moscow. (In Russ.)
  • Uspenskii V.A., Rodionova K.F., Gorskaya A.I., Shishkova A.P. (1966). Guidelines for the analysis of bitumen and dispersed organic matter in rocks (for laboratories of geological prospecting organizations). Leningrad: Nedra, 316 p. (In Russ.)
  • Vassoevich N.B. (1958). Oil formation in terrigenous sediments (on the example of the Chokrak-Karagan layers of the Tersk foredeep). Oil education issues. Tr. VNIGRI, vol. 128. Leningrad: Gostoptekhizdat, pp. 9–220. (In Russ.)
  • Vassoevich N.B. et al. (1984). Handbook of the geology of oil and gas. Moscow: Nedra, 480 p. (In Russ.)
  •  

Ekaterina D. Sivkova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
1, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119234, Russian Federation
e-mail: e.sivkova@oilmsu.ru

Antonina V. Stoupakova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
1, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119234, Russian Federation

Anton G. Kalmykov
Lomonosov Moscow State University
1, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119234, Russian Federation

Roman S. Sautkin
Lomonosov Moscow State University
1, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119234, Russian Federation

Maria A. Bolshakova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
1, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119234, Russian Federation

 

For citation:

Sivkova E.D., Stoupakova A.V., Kalmykov A.G., Sautkin R.S., Bolshakova M.A. (2021). Pyrolytic data verification in potential assessment and catagenetic transformation of the Proterozoic low-carbon formations of Eastern Siberia. Georesursy = Georesources, 23(2), pp. 56–66. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2021.2.5