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Some challenges and opportunities for Russia and regions in terms of the global decarbonization trend

D.K. Nurgaliev, S.Yu. Selivanovskaya, M.V. Kozhevnikova, P.Yu. Galitskaya

Original article

DOI https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2021.3.2

8-16
rus.

open access

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This article discusses a possible scenario of energy transition in Russia, taking into account the economic structure, presence of huge oil and gas infrastructure and unique natural resources. All this allows to consider global trends of energy and economic decarbonization not only as a challenge, but also as a new opportunity for the country. Considering developed oil and gas production, transportation, refining and petrochemical infrastructure, as well as the vast territory, forest, water and soil resources, our country has unique opportunities for carbon sequestration using both biological systems and the existing oil and gas infrastructure. It is proposed to use the existing oil and gas production facilities for hydrogen generation in the processes of hydrocarbon catalytic transformation inside the reservoir. It is suggested to create and use large-scale technologies for CO2 sequestration using existing oil and gas production infrastructure. Considering high potential of the Russian Federation for carbon sequestration by biological systems, a network of Russian carbon testing areas is being developed, including one at Kazan Federal University (KFU), – the “Carbon-Povolzhye” testing area. The creation of carbon farms based on the applications at such testing areas could become a high-demand high-tech business. A detailed description of the KFU carbon testing area and its planned objectives are given.
 
Energy transition, decarbonization, hydrogen generation, CO2 disposal, carbon sequestration by biological systems, carbon testing area
 
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  •  
Kazan Federal University 
7, Chernyshevsky St., Kazan, 420111, Russian Federation 
 
Kazan Federal University
5, Tovarishcheskaya St., Kazan, 420097, Russian Federation
 
Maria V. Kozhevnikova
Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University
5, Tovarishcheskaya St., Kazan, 420097, Russian Federation
 
Polina Yu. Galitskaya
Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University
5, Tovarishcheskaya St., Kazan, 420097, Russian Federation
 

For citation:

Nurgaliev D.K., Selivanovskaya S.Yu., Kozhevnikova M.V., Galitskaya P.Yu. (2021). Some challenges and opportunities for Russia and regions in terms of the global decarbonization trend. Georesursy = Georesources, 23(3), pp. 8–16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2021.3.2