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On the possibility of introducing X-ray computed microtomography into the practice of biostratigraphic research

A.M. Fazliakhmetov, O.V. Artyushkova, E.O. Statsenko, R.I. Kadyrov

Original article

DOI https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2021.4.2

12-20
rus.
eng.

open access

Under a Creative Commons license
Currently, the techniques applied for extraction and study of conodonts from siliceous rocks are associated with a number of problems. This makes it difficult to solve many problems in the areas of development of the volcanic and volcanic-sedimentary rocks, where cherts, jaspers, and phtanites are the only sedimentary formations for dating these deposits.

On X-ray computed microtomography it is possible to avoid some problems to obtain not only excellent 3-D images of conodonts, but sections in any direction too, as well as in video formats. It is shown that similar results are successful under the hollows after the dissolution of the conodonts.

There is no problem in application of X-ray microcomputed tomography when conodonts have been already found on the surface or inside of the sample, or if the content of conodonts in the rock is obviously high. In such a case the scanning without preliminary search is ensured. In cases when conodonts are rare and not obvious, it is proposed the following technique of their discovery.

The rock sample is cut into plates. The conodonts are search for on the surface of the plates, moistened with a mixture of glycerin and water under a binocular microscope. If it is necessary (when the rock is opaque), the result is checked by a chemical reaction: 5–10 % hydrochloric acid plus 1–2 crystals of ammonium molybdate are put on the surface of the sample. The appearance of a yellow sediment means the presence of phosphorus, to indicate the probability the detected object to be a conodont. Next, the sample should be washed from acid, its size should be decreased. Then the microtomographic study should be performed.
 
X-ray computed tomography, μCT, conodonts, biostratigraphy
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Alexander M. Fazliakhmetov
Institute of Geology – Subdivision of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences
16/2 Karl Marx st., Ufa, 450077, Russian Federation
 
Olga V. Artyushkova
Institute of Geology – Subdivision of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences
16/2 Karl Marx st., Ufa, 450077, Russian Federation
 
Evgeny O. Statsenko
Kazan Federal University
4/5 Kremlevskaya st., Kazan, 420111, Russian Federation
 
Rail I. Kadyrov
Kazan Federal University
4/5 Kremlevskaya st., Kazan, 420111, Russian Federation
 

For citation:

Fazliakhmetov A.M., Artyushkova O.V., Statsenko E.O., Kadyrov R.I. (2021). On the possibility of introducing X-ray computed microtomography into the practice of biostratigraphic research. Georesursy = Georesources, 23(4), pp. 12–20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2021.4.2