Pages
Download article

Resources of quartz raw materials, Gargan block, East Sayan quartzite-bearing area

A.M. Fedorov, V.A. Makrygina, A.M. Mazukabzov, A.I. Nepomnyashchikh, D.Ts. Ayurzhanaeva, M.G. Volkova

Original article

DOI https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2021.4.11

96-106
rus.
eng.

open access

Under a Creative Commons license
The evaluation (according to structural and geochemical rock properties ) of the quartzites from the East Sayan quartzite-bearing area as a potential source of quartz raw material for crystalline silicon and optical glass manufacturing can significantly expand the forecast resources of this type of raw materials. The geological structure of the Irkut Formation, productive of high-purity quartzites is specified within the Oka-Urik, Urengenur and Urdagargan quartz-bearing areas; geological, mineralogical-petrographic and geochemical characteristics of the main quartzite types are given, the main morphological features of productive high-purity quartzite bodies are specified to predict their occurrence at depth. The major factors in the formation of high-purity quartzite bodies include: 1) quartzites are accumulated in the siliceous-carbonate sequence of the Middle Riphean Irkut Formation within a broad but isolated basin; 2) high-purity quartzite bodies are produced as a result of dynamic recrystallization due to the deformation of primary microquartzites resulting from the collision of the Dunzhugar island arc with the Gargan microcontinent margin. Within the western part of the East-Sayan quartz-bearing area, quartzite reserves as a potential source for silicon metallurgy and production of optical glass were estimated as 134 mln tons.
 
quartzites, superquartzites, geochemistry, recrystallization, quartz raw materials reserves, Eastern Sayan
 
  • Anan’eva L.G., Korovkin M.V. (2003). Mineralogical and geochemical study of quartzites of the Antonovka deposit group. Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University. Geo Assets Engineering, 306(3). pp. 50–55 (In Russ.)
  • Anisimova I.V., Levitsky I.V., Kotov A.B. et al. (2009). The age of the basement of the Gargan block, Eastern Sayan: the results of U-Pb geochronology. Proc. IV Russ. Conf.: Isotope Geochronology, St. Petersburg, IOGP RAS, pp. 35–36. (In Russ.)
  • Ayurzhanaeva D.Ts., Fedorov A.M., Mazukabzov A.M., Nepomnyashchikh A.I. et al. (2020). Mechanisms of high-purity quartzite formation at the Bural-Sardyk Deposit (Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 61(10), pp. 1075–1087. https://doi.org/10.15372/RGG2020106
  • Cherednichenko A.I. (1964). Tectonophysical conditions of mineral transformations in solid rocks. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 184 pp. (In Russ.)
  • Fedorov A.M., Spiridonov A.M., Budyak A.E., Sokolnikova Y.V., Kulikova Z.I. (2011). Conditions for the formation of the Bural-Sardag deposit of superpure quartzites (Eastern Sayan). Proceedings of the Siberian Department of the Section of Earth Sciences of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences: Geology, Exploration and Development of Mineral Deposits, 38(1), pp. 94–104. (In Russ.)
  • Fedorov A.M., Makrygina V.A., Budyak A.E., Nepomnyashchikh A.I. (2012). New data on the geochemistry and mechanism of formation of quartzites of the Bural-Sar’dag deposit (Eastern Sayan Mountains). Dokl. Earth Sci., 442(1), pp. 120–125. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.1134/S1028334X12010126
  • Fedorov A.M., Makrygina V.A., Nepomnyaschikh A.I., Zhaboedov A.P. Parshin A.V., Posokhov V.F., SokolnikovaYu.V. (2019). Geochemistry and petrology of superpure quartzites from East Sayan Mountains, Russia. Acta Geochimica, 38(1), pp. 22–39. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11631-018-0268-5
  • Geological and geochemical studies of quartz raw materials of the Bural-Sardag deposit. (2001). Sci. director A.I. Nepomnyashchikh.Irkutsk. (In Russ.)
  • Götze, J., Möckel, R., (eds.). (2012). Quartz: deposits, mineralogy and analytics. Springer Geology. Springer, Berlin: Germany, 360 р. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22161-3
  • Kuzmichev A.B. (2004). Tectonic history of the Tuva-Mongolian massif: Early Baikal, Late Baikal and Early Caledonian stages. Moscow: Probel-2000, 192 p. (In Russ.)
  • Kuznetsov A.B., Konstantinova G.V., Kutyavin E.P., Letnikova E.F., Vishnevskaya I.A., Geletii N.K. (2010). Sr-chemostratigraphy of carbonate sedimentary cover of the Tuva-Mongolian microcontinent. Dokl. Earth Sci., 432(1), рp. 577–582. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1028334X10050065
  • Makrygina V.A., Fedorov A.M. (2013). Quartzite transformation as a consequence of late tectonic events in the evolution of the Chuya and Gargan blocks. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 54(12), pp. 1450–1457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rgg.2013.10.014
  • Malyshev A.G. et al. (1988). To study the main quartz occurrences of the Southern part of the Baikal province for high-quality granular and transparent quartz for melting and rock crystal. Report. Alexandrov (In Russ.)
  • Mazukabzov A.M., Fedorov A.M., Nepomnyashchikh A.I. (2020). Structure of the Bural-Sardyk superquartzite deposit (East Sayan Mountains). Geodynamics and Tectonophysics, 11(2), pp. 244–261. https://doi.org/10.5800/GT-2020-11-2-0472
  • Müller A., Ihlen P.M,. Wanvik J.E., Flem B. (2007). High-purity quartz mineralisation in kyanite quartzites, Norway. Mineralium Deposita, 42, рp. 523–535. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00126-007-0124-8
  • Nepomnyashchikh A.I., Demina T.V., Zhaboedov A.P., Eliseev I.A., Lesnikov A.K. et al. (2017). Optical silica glass based on super quartzites from the Eastern Sayan Mountains. Glass Physics and Chemistry, 43(3), pp. 222–226. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1087659617030099
  • Nepomnyashchikh A.I., Volkova M.G., Zhaboedov A.P., Fedorov A.M. (2018). Quartz concentrates based on compact quartzite. Inorganic Materials, 54(8), pp. 805–808. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0020168518080137
  • Nepomnyashchikh, A.I., Zhaboedov, A.P., Volkova, M.G. et al. (2019). Dressing Technology for the East Sayan Quartzites. J Min Sci, 55, pp. 444–451. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1062739119035782
  • Petrova Z.I., Koneva A.A., Makrygina V.A. (1996). Geochemistry of quartzites and quartzitoschists of the Olhon region (Western Baikal area). Geochemistry International, 33(9), pp. 109–127.
  • Prospecting of quartz raw materials in the southeastern part of the Eastern Sayan Mountains. (2006). Report. Ed. V.N. Yashin. Ulan-Ude. (In Russ.)
  • Rogachev A.M. et al. (1991). Geological structure and minerals of the Dibi-Oka-Urik interfluve. Report. (In Russ.)
  • Roshchektaev P.A. et al. (1976). Geological structure and minerals of the basins of the Urdo-Boxon and Khore rivers (East. Sayan Mountains). Report. Ulan-Ude. (In Russ.)
  • Technical Specifications “Quartz concentrates from natural quartz raw materials for  quartz glasses”. (1997). TS 5726-002-11496665-97. Moscow. (In Russ.)
  • Tsarev D.I., Khrustalev V.K., Galchenko V.K., Ayurzhanaeva D.Ts. (2007). Geology and genesis of the Cheremshanka silica deposit, western Transbaikal Region, Russia. Geology of ore deposits, 49(4), pp. 297–305. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1075701507040046
  • Volkova M.G., Nepomnyashchikh A.I., Fedorov A.M., Makhlyanova A.M., Bryanskii N.V. (2017). Fluid inclusions in “Superquartzites” of the Byral-Sardyk deposit (East Sayan). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 58(9), pp. 1053–1058. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rgg.2016.12.007
  • Volkova M.G., Nepomnyashchikh A.I., Fedorov A.M. (2019). Fluid inclusions in  “compact” quartz from the Oka-Urik block (the East Sayan). Zapiski RMO = Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, 148(3), pp. 94–101. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.30695/zrmo/2019.1483.07
  • Vorob’ev E.I., Spiridonov A.M., Nepomnyashchikh A.I., Kuzmin M.I. (2003). Superpure quartzites of the eastern Sayan (Buryat Republic, Russia), Dokl. Earth Sci., 390(4), pp. 497–500. (In Russ.)
  •  
Alexander M. Fedorov
Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
1a Favorsky st., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation
 
Valentina A. Makrygina
Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
1a Favorsky st., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation
 
Anatoly M. Mazukabzov
Institute of the Earth’s Crust of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
128 Lermontov st., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation
 
Alexander I. Nepomnyashchikh
Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
1a Favorsky st., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation
 
Dulmazhap Ts. Ayurzhanaeva
Geological Institute of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
6a Sakh’yanova st., Ulan-Ude, 670047, Russian Federation
 
Mariya G. Volkova
Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
1a Favorsky st., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation
 

For citation:

Fedorov A.M., Makrygina V.A., Mazukabzov A.M., Nepomnyashchikh A.I., Ayurzhanaeva D.Ts., Volkova M.G. (2021). Resources of quartz raw materials, Gargan block, East Sayan quartzite-bearing area. Georesursy = Georesources, 23(4), pp. 96–106. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2021.4.11