ISSN 1608-5078 (Online)
Carbonate reservoirs of subsalt deposits of the Caspian syneclise
V.A. Zhemchugova, E.Yu. Makarova, Yu.V. Naumcheev, N.D. Makarov, V.V. Pankov
The Caspian syneclise is one of the most promising hydrocarbon regions in Russia and Kazakhstan, which is confirmed by the discovery in recent years of large oil and gas fields within its borders. The presence in the Caspian syneclise at several stratigraphic levels of clay-carbonate deposits enriched with dispersed organic matter, a sufficiently high degree of their catagenetic transformation, the passage of the so-called «oil window» – all indicates a favorable situation for the generation of hydrocarbons in the region under consideration. The spread of possible accumulations of oil and gas in the subsalt sediments of the syneclise is mainly controlled by the quality of the reservoirs and impermeable layers. The proposed article illustrates the authors’ attempt to create a generalized model for the formation of subsalt strata and to develop a scheme for the interrelationship between the processes of accumulation of carbonate sediments and their hydrocarbon productivity. The application of the obtained results to the practice of oil and gas prospecting can be of great importance, since the evaluation of the hydrocarbon productivity of the subsoil is impossible without the prediction of the spatial distribution of differentfacial deposits playing the role of accumulating and preserving strata. The revealed regularities of the space-time relationships of the formation of the main elements of natural reservoirs responsible for the oil and gas content in the subsalt sediments can serve to some extent as a base for the growth of hydrocarbon reserves, which is so necessary for the Caspian region.
the Caspian syneclise, natural reservoir, banded carbonate platform, isolated carbonate platform, ramp valley
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