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The Unified Scale of Natural Waters

V.F. Nikolaev, L.E. Foss, B.F. Sulaiman, A.B. Agybay, A.Kh. Timirgalieva, R.B. Sultanova

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The article presents a continual scale of natural waters based on the characteristics of a vector, constructed on the superimposed cationic and anionic Gibbs triangles. We made a stylized hydrochemical clock-type dial based on the compression data of a six-component ionic composition of waters. To ensure successful communication of hydrochemists, exchanging information, we suggest characterize the mineral composition of waters by the direction of the vector, expressed in units (minutes) of the hydrochemical clock-type dial. The article presents equations for digitizing natural waters and for color visualization on hydrogeochemical maps of their mineral composition using Red/Green/Blue and Hue/Saturation/Value models. The analysis of the changes occurring in the natural water composition on maps in time enables us to visually establish hydrodynamic connections between ocean currents, water-bearing horizons, oil reservoirs, producing and injecting wells without using tracers. We provide examples of how the six-component composition of the natural waters of lakes, rivers, seas and oceans transforms into indicators of the hydrochemical clock-type dial and the corresponding color tones. The use of the color mapping method to analyze the World Ocean processes, associated with the Arctic ice thawing and changes in the waters composition of ocean currents, will allow us to take a fresh look at the global processes of climate change.

natural waters, ground waters, seawaters, ocean currents, reservoir waters, water classification, cationic composition, anionic composition, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, mineralization, geochemical map, Gibbs-Roseboom triangle, Maxwell triangle, hydrogeochemistry, HSV (HSB) color model, RGB model, horizontal hydrogeochemical zoning, vertical hydrogeochemical zoning, oil and gas field, data compression

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Vyacheslav F. Nikolaev
Kazan National Research Technological University
68 Karl Marx str., Kazan, 420015, Russian Federation

Lev E. Foss
Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
8 Arbuzov str., Kazan, 420088, Russian Federation

Bassel .F. Sulaiman
Kazan National Research Technological University
68 Karl Marx str., Kazan, 420015, Russian Federation

Asel B. Agybay
Kazan National Research Technological University
68 Karl Marx str., Kazan, 420015, Russian Federation

Alina Kh. Timirgaliev
Kazan National Research Technological University
68 Karl Marx str., Kazan, 420015, Russian Federation

Rasimya B. Sultanova
Kazan National Research Technological University
68 Karl Marx str., Kazan, 420015, Russian Federation


For citation:

Nikolaev V.F., Foss L.E., Sulaiman B.F., Agybay A.B., Timirgalieva A.Kh., Sultanova R.B. (2018). The Unified Scale of Natural Waters. Georesursy = Georesources, 20(2), pp. 58-66. DOI: