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Replenishment of oil deposits from the position of a new concept of oil and gas formation

R.Kh. Muslimov, I.N. Plotnikova

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The article is devoted to the problem of replenishing of oil reserves and considers it (the problem) in the aspect of deep degassing of the Earth. Based on an analysis of the results of a long-term study of the Precambrian crystalline basement in the territory of Tatarstan and adjacent areas, a number of new criteria are formulated that allow us to identify the processes of deep degassing of the Earth within the studied region.
The article provides a brief overview of current views on the problem of replenishing oil reserves, considers options for possible sources and the mechanism of replenishment of hydrocarbons in the developed deposits. The arguments in favor of the modern process of deep degassing within the South Tatar arch and adjacent territories are examined, which are unequivocally confirmed by: the dynamics of the hydrochemical parameters of the deep waters of the crystalline basement obtained in the monitoring mode at five deep wells; uneven heat flux and its anomalies, recorded according to many years of research under the guidance of N.N. Khristoforova. The degassing processes are also confirmed by the dynamics of gas saturation of decompressed zones of the crystalline basement recorded in well 20009-Novoelkhovskaya, the dynamics of gas saturation of oil of the sedimentary cover and the composition of the gas dissolved in it, identified by oil studies in piezometric wells located in different areas of the Romashkinskoye field; the seismicity of the territory of Tatarstan, as well as its neotectonic activity. As criteria proving the existence of a process of replenishing the reserves of the developed oil fields of the South Tatar Arch, the features of the deep structure of the earth’s crust according to seismic data, as well as the results of geochemical studies of oils are considered.

replenishment of reserves, deep degassing of the Earth, criteria for oil inflow into deposits, origin of oil and gas, geochemical studies, tectonic activation, Romashkinskoe oil field, a new concept of oil and gas formation


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Renat Kh. Muslimov
Institute of Geology and Petroleum Technologies
Kazan (Volga region) Federal University
4/5 Kremlevskaya st., Kazan, 420008, Russian Federation

Irina N. Plotnikova
Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan
20 Baumana st., Kazan, 420012, Russian Federation


For citation:

Muslimov R.Kh., Plotnikova I.N. (2019). Replenishment of oil deposits from the position of a new concept of oil and gas formation. Georesursy = Georesources, 21(4), pp. 40-48. DOI: