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Geology, physical-chemical and geodynamic conditions for the formation of Sokolovsk and Krasnokamensk granitoid massifs (South Ural)

V.I. Snachev, A.V. Snachev, B.A. Puzhakov

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The article describes the geological structure of the Sokolovsk and Krasnokamensk massifs located in the central part of the Western subzone of the Chelyabinsk-Adamovka zone of the Southern Urals. They are of Lower Carboniferous age and break through the volcanogenic-sedimentary deposits of the Krasnokamensk (D3kr) and Bulatovo (S1-D1bl) strata. It was found that these intrusions belong to the gabbro-syenite complex and are composed of gabbroids (phase I) and syenites, quartz monzonites, less often monzodiorites (phase II). The rocks of the second phase predominate (90–95%). Gabbros belong to the normal alkaline series of the sodium series and are close to tholeiitic mafic rocks, the formation of which is associated with riftogenic structures; syenites correspond to moderately alkaline series with K-Na type of alkalinity. It has been proved that in terms of their petrographic, petrochemical, geochemical, and metallogenic features (content of TiO2, K2O, Na2O, Rb, Sr, distribution of REE, the presence of skarn-magnetic mineralization), the rocks of the massifs under consideration undoubtedly belong to the gabbro-granite formation. Crystallization of the Sokolovsk and Krasnokamensk intrusions occurred at a temperature of 880–930 °С in the mesoabyssal zone at a depth of about 7–8 km (P = 2.2–2.4 kbar). At the postmagmatic stage, the transformation parameters of the initially igneous rocks were, respectively, T = 730–770 °C, P = 4.0–4.2 kbar. The fact that these massifs belong to the gabbro-granite formation makes it possible to include them, together with Bolshakovsk, Klyuchevsky, Kurtmaksky and Kambulatovo, into the Chelyabinsk-Adamovka segment of the South Ural Early Carboniferous rift system.

Sokolovsk massif, Krasnokamensk massif, Chelyabinsk-Adamovka zone, granites, syenites, pressure, temperature, geodynamics, melt inclusions, biotite-amphibole thermobarometer


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Vladimir I. Snachev
Institute of Geology of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences
16/2, Karl Marks st., Ufa, 450077, Russian Federation

Aleksandr V. Snachev
Institute of Geology of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences
16/2, Karl Marks st., Ufa, 450077, Russian Federation

Boris A. Puzhakov
Chelgeo NPP LLC
61a, Omskaya st., Chelyabinsk, 454048, Russian Federation


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Snachev V.I., Snachev A.V., Puzhakov B.A. (2021) Geology, physical-chemical and geodynamic conditions for the formation of Sokolovsk and Krasnokamensk granitoid massifs (South Ural). Georesursy = Georesources, 23(1), pp. 85–93. DOI: