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Geochemistry of water-soluble gases in the oil and gas bearing sediments of the zone of junction between the Yenisei-Khatanga and the West Siberian basins (the Arctic regions of Siberia)

D.A. Novikov, E.V. Borisov

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The results of the studies of geochemical and zoning features of water-dissolved gases in the Mesozoic sediments of the junction between the Yenisei-Khatanga and the West Siberian basins are reported. The stage of industrial oil and gas content is more than 3 km thick and involves the depth range from 750 to 4000 m. Waters occurring in the region contain methane, their total gas saturation is 0.3 to 4.6 dm3/dm3, and CH4 content in 88.9 to 95.4 vol. % on average. An increase in the concentrations of carbon dioxide and methane homologues is observed with an increase in the depth, which is accompanied by a regular decrease in the concentrations of methane and nitrogen. In general, water-dissolved gases from the Neocomian and Jurassic reservoirs have similar compositions (С1 > N2 > C2 > C3 > n-C4 > i-C4 > CO2 > i-C5 > n-C5). The water-dissolved gases of the Aptian-Albian-Cenomanian sediments are distinguished by lower concentrations of methane homologues (С1 > N2 > C2 > CO2 > C3 > i-C4 > n-C4 > i-C5 > n-C5), with the total content of heavy hydrocarbons (HHC) equal to 1.44 vol. %. Vertical zoning of the composition of water-dissolved gases is determined by the distribution of hydrocarbon pools in the Jurassic-Cretaceous section. A regular increase in the average values of the factor of enrichment with hydrocarbons (HC) (from 37 to 154) was established, along with a decrease in the ratio of CH4/ƩHHC (from 130 to 7), C2H6/C3H8 (from 41 to 2) and i-C4H10/n-C4H10 (from 2.6 to 0.6) from the Aptian-Albian-Cenomanian reservoirs to the Jurassic ones. The zone with anomalous He concentrations within the range of 0.4–0.9 vol. % was detected in the Neocomian and Middle Jurassic sediments. This zone is localized at the north-western slope of the Messoyakh inclined ridge (the Anomalnaya, Turkovskaya, Pelyatkinskaya and Sredne-Yarovskaya areas). The nature of this anomaly needs further studies.
water-dissolved gases, methane homologues, gas saturation of groundwaters, gas zoning, the Yenisei-Khatanga basin, West Siberia, the Arctic
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Dmitry A. Novikov
Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
Novosibirsk State University
3 Ac. Koptyug av., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Evgeny V. Borisov
Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
3 Ac. Koptyug av., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation

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Novikov D.A., Borisov E.V. (2021). Geochemistry of water-soluble gases in the oil and gas bearing sediments of the zone of junction between the Yenisei-Khatanga and the West Siberian basins (the Arctic regions of Siberia). Georesursy = Georesources, 23(4), pp. 2–11. DOI: